full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by David Autor: Will automation take away all our jobs?"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

These facts, revealed in a recent book by Boston University economist James Bessen, raise an intriguing question: what are all those tellers doing, and why hasn't automation eliminated their employment by now? If you think about it, many of the great inventions of the last 200 years were designed to replace human labor. Tractors were dveeelopd to substitute mechanical power for hmuan physical toil. aesmlbsy lneis were engineered to replace innceiostsnt human handiwork with machine perfection. cportmeus were programmed to swap out error-prone, inconsistent human calculation with digital perfection. These inventions have worked. We no longer dig ditches by hand, punod tools out of wrought iron or do bookkeeping using actual books. And yet, the fraction of US atluds employed in the labor market is higher now in 2016 than it was 125 years ago, in 1890, and it's resin in just about every decade in the inetvirnneg 125 years.

Open Cloze

These facts, revealed in a recent book by Boston University economist James Bessen, raise an intriguing question: what are all those tellers doing, and why hasn't automation eliminated their employment by now? If you think about it, many of the great inventions of the last 200 years were designed to replace human labor. Tractors were _________ to substitute mechanical power for _____ physical toil. ________ _____ were engineered to replace ____________ human handiwork with machine perfection. _________ were programmed to swap out error-prone, inconsistent human calculation with digital perfection. These inventions have worked. We no longer dig ditches by hand, _____ tools out of wrought iron or do bookkeeping using actual books. And yet, the fraction of US ______ employed in the labor market is higher now in 2016 than it was 125 years ago, in 1890, and it's _____ in just about every decade in the ___________ 125 years.

Solution

  1. pound
  2. inconsistent
  3. human
  4. intervening
  5. risen
  6. assembly
  7. adults
  8. lines
  9. computers
  10. developed

Original Text

These facts, revealed in a recent book by Boston University economist James Bessen, raise an intriguing question: what are all those tellers doing, and why hasn't automation eliminated their employment by now? If you think about it, many of the great inventions of the last 200 years were designed to replace human labor. Tractors were developed to substitute mechanical power for human physical toil. Assembly lines were engineered to replace inconsistent human handiwork with machine perfection. Computers were programmed to swap out error-prone, inconsistent human calculation with digital perfection. These inventions have worked. We no longer dig ditches by hand, pound tools out of wrought iron or do bookkeeping using actual books. And yet, the fraction of US adults employed in the labor market is higher now in 2016 than it was 125 years ago, in 1890, and it's risen in just about every decade in the intervening 125 years.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
employment growth 3
saudi arabia 3
school movement 3
high school 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
high school movement 3

Important Words

  1. actual
  2. adults
  3. assembly
  4. automation
  5. bessen
  6. book
  7. bookkeeping
  8. books
  9. boston
  10. calculation
  11. computers
  12. decade
  13. designed
  14. developed
  15. dig
  16. digital
  17. ditches
  18. economist
  19. eliminated
  20. employed
  21. employment
  22. engineered
  23. facts
  24. fraction
  25. great
  26. hand
  27. handiwork
  28. higher
  29. human
  30. inconsistent
  31. intervening
  32. intriguing
  33. inventions
  34. iron
  35. james
  36. labor
  37. lines
  38. longer
  39. machine
  40. market
  41. mechanical
  42. perfection
  43. physical
  44. pound
  45. power
  46. programmed
  47. raise
  48. replace
  49. revealed
  50. risen
  51. substitute
  52. swap
  53. tellers
  54. toil
  55. tools
  56. tractors
  57. university
  58. worked
  59. wrought
  60. years