full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Eleanor Nelsen: Would you sacrifice one person to save five?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

rarchresees have studied the bairn activity of polepe thinking through the classic and bridge vseroins. Both scenarios activate areas of the brain involved in conscious decision-making and emotional responses. But in the bridge version, the emotional response is much stronger. So is activity in an area of the brain associated with pocrsnsieg internal conflict. Why the difference? One explanation is that pushing someone to their death feels more personal, activating an emotional aversion to killing another person, but we feel ctonlecfid because we know it's still the logical choice.

Open Cloze

___________ have studied the _____ activity of ______ thinking through the classic and bridge ________. Both scenarios activate areas of the brain involved in conscious decision-making and emotional responses. But in the bridge version, the emotional response is much stronger. So is activity in an area of the brain associated with __________ internal conflict. Why the difference? One explanation is that pushing someone to their death feels more personal, activating an emotional aversion to killing another person, but we feel __________ because we know it's still the logical choice.

Solution

  1. researchers
  2. brain
  3. versions
  4. people
  5. conflicted
  6. processing

Original Text

Researchers have studied the brain activity of people thinking through the classic and bridge versions. Both scenarios activate areas of the brain involved in conscious decision-making and emotional responses. But in the bridge version, the emotional response is much stronger. So is activity in an area of the brain associated with processing internal conflict. Why the difference? One explanation is that pushing someone to their death feels more personal, activating an emotional aversion to killing another person, but we feel conflicted because we know it's still the logical choice.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
runaway trolley 2
virtual reality 2
trolley problem 2

Important Words

  1. activate
  2. activating
  3. activity
  4. area
  5. areas
  6. aversion
  7. brain
  8. bridge
  9. choice
  10. classic
  11. conflict
  12. conflicted
  13. conscious
  14. death
  15. difference
  16. emotional
  17. explanation
  18. feel
  19. feels
  20. internal
  21. involved
  22. killing
  23. logical
  24. people
  25. person
  26. personal
  27. processing
  28. pushing
  29. researchers
  30. response
  31. responses
  32. scenarios
  33. stronger
  34. studied
  35. thinking
  36. version
  37. versions