full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by David Anderson: Your brain is more than a bag of chemicals"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So that means that these felis have two arnmtbielioas, or phenotypes, as we geneticists call them, that one finds in ADHD: hyperactivity and lniraneg disability. Now what's the causal relationship, if anything, between these phenotypes? In ADHD, it's often aesusmd that the hyperactivity causes the learning disability. The kids can't sit still long enough to focus, so they don't learn. But it could equally be the case that it's the learning disabilities that cause the hyperactivity. Because the kids can't learn, they look for other things to distract their atiteontn. And a final possibility is that there's no relationship at all between learning disabilities and heyitaptvrciy, but that they are caused by a common underlying mechanism in ADHD.

Open Cloze

So that means that these _____ have two _____________, or phenotypes, as we geneticists call them, that one finds in ADHD: hyperactivity and ________ disability. Now what's the causal relationship, if anything, between these phenotypes? In ADHD, it's often _______ that the hyperactivity causes the learning disability. The kids can't sit still long enough to focus, so they don't learn. But it could equally be the case that it's the learning disabilities that cause the hyperactivity. Because the kids can't learn, they look for other things to distract their _________. And a final possibility is that there's no relationship at all between learning disabilities and _____________, but that they are caused by a common underlying mechanism in ADHD.

Solution

  1. hyperactivity
  2. flies
  3. assumed
  4. attention
  5. learning
  6. abnormalities

Original Text

So that means that these flies have two abnormalities, or phenotypes, as we geneticists call them, that one finds in ADHD: hyperactivity and learning disability. Now what's the causal relationship, if anything, between these phenotypes? In ADHD, it's often assumed that the hyperactivity causes the learning disability. The kids can't sit still long enough to focus, so they don't learn. But it could equally be the case that it's the learning disabilities that cause the hyperactivity. Because the kids can't learn, they look for other things to distract their attention. And a final possibility is that there's no relationship at all between learning disabilities and hyperactivity, but that they are caused by a common underlying mechanism in ADHD.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
dopamine receptor 10
psychiatric disorders 8
fruit flies 7
air puffs 5
chemical soup 3
side effects 3
specific neurons 3
learning disabilities 3
receptor mutant 3
mutant flies 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
dopamine receptor mutant 3
receptor mutant flies 3

ngrams of length 4

collocation frequency
dopamine receptor mutant flies 3

Important Words

  1. abnormalities
  2. adhd
  3. assumed
  4. attention
  5. call
  6. case
  7. causal
  8. caused
  9. common
  10. disabilities
  11. disability
  12. distract
  13. equally
  14. final
  15. finds
  16. flies
  17. focus
  18. geneticists
  19. hyperactivity
  20. kids
  21. learn
  22. learning
  23. long
  24. means
  25. mechanism
  26. phenotypes
  27. possibility
  28. relationship
  29. sit
  30. underlying