full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by David Anderson: Your brain is more than a bag of chemicals"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, in genetics, it's a little crenoinuvtttuiie. We tend to infer the normal function of something by what doesn't happen when we take it away, by the opposite of what we see when we take it away. So when we take away the dopamine receptor and the flies take lneogr to calm down, from that we infer that the normal function of this receptor and dopamine is to cause the flies to calm down faster after the puff. And that's a bit reminiscent of ADHD, which has been linked to drdeisros of the dopamine setsym in humans. Indeed, if we increase the levels of dopamine in normal flies by feeding them cocaine after getting the appropriate DEA lceisne — oh my God — (Laughter) — we find indeed that these cocaine-fed feils calm down faster than normal flies do, and that's also reminiscent of ADHD, which is often taeretd with drugs like riilatn that act similarly to cocaine. So slowly I began to realize that what steatrd out as a rather playful attempt to try to annoy fruit flies might actually have some relevance to a human psychiatric drdsoier.

Open Cloze

Now, in genetics, it's a little ________________. We tend to infer the normal function of something by what doesn't happen when we take it away, by the opposite of what we see when we take it away. So when we take away the dopamine receptor and the flies take ______ to calm down, from that we infer that the normal function of this receptor and dopamine is to cause the flies to calm down faster after the puff. And that's a bit reminiscent of ADHD, which has been linked to _________ of the dopamine ______ in humans. Indeed, if we increase the levels of dopamine in normal flies by feeding them cocaine after getting the appropriate DEA _______ — oh my God — (Laughter) — we find indeed that these cocaine-fed _____ calm down faster than normal flies do, and that's also reminiscent of ADHD, which is often _______ with drugs like _______ that act similarly to cocaine. So slowly I began to realize that what _______ out as a rather playful attempt to try to annoy fruit flies might actually have some relevance to a human psychiatric ________.

Solution

  1. ritalin
  2. system
  3. disorders
  4. disorder
  5. counterintuitive
  6. treated
  7. license
  8. started
  9. longer
  10. flies

Original Text

Now, in genetics, it's a little counterintuitive. We tend to infer the normal function of something by what doesn't happen when we take it away, by the opposite of what we see when we take it away. So when we take away the dopamine receptor and the flies take longer to calm down, from that we infer that the normal function of this receptor and dopamine is to cause the flies to calm down faster after the puff. And that's a bit reminiscent of ADHD, which has been linked to disorders of the dopamine system in humans. Indeed, if we increase the levels of dopamine in normal flies by feeding them cocaine after getting the appropriate DEA license — oh my God — (Laughter) — we find indeed that these cocaine-fed flies calm down faster than normal flies do, and that's also reminiscent of ADHD, which is often treated with drugs like Ritalin that act similarly to cocaine. So slowly I began to realize that what started out as a rather playful attempt to try to annoy fruit flies might actually have some relevance to a human psychiatric disorder.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
dopamine receptor 10
psychiatric disorders 8
fruit flies 7
air puffs 5
chemical soup 3
side effects 3
specific neurons 3
learning disabilities 3
receptor mutant 3
mutant flies 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
dopamine receptor mutant 3
receptor mutant flies 3

ngrams of length 4

collocation frequency
dopamine receptor mutant flies 3

Important Words

  1. act
  2. adhd
  3. annoy
  4. attempt
  5. began
  6. bit
  7. calm
  8. cocaine
  9. counterintuitive
  10. dea
  11. disorder
  12. disorders
  13. dopamine
  14. drugs
  15. faster
  16. feeding
  17. find
  18. flies
  19. fruit
  20. function
  21. genetics
  22. god
  23. happen
  24. human
  25. humans
  26. increase
  27. infer
  28. laughter
  29. levels
  30. license
  31. linked
  32. longer
  33. normal
  34. playful
  35. psychiatric
  36. puff
  37. realize
  38. receptor
  39. relevance
  40. reminiscent
  41. ritalin
  42. similarly
  43. slowly
  44. started
  45. system
  46. tend
  47. treated